Most Guyanese would concede that ethnicity plays an inordinate role in our politics and that the way the latter has structured our political participation has not been positive. Since the claim that “modernisation”, set into motion after WWII , would soon make the “primordial” roots of ethnicity disappear has been proven quite premature, it behoves policymakers to take another look at our political system and institute changes that could steer our political behaviour in more positive directions. In fact, evidence gathered during the last 50 years had demonstrated that ethnicity and other bases of “identity politics” have now become the predominant form of political mobilisation – even in the developed countries such as Britain and the US.The call for “constitutional change” in Guyana is one initiative to achieve the positive aim, but unfortunately, most of its initiators have studiously avoided the elephant in the room: the aforementioned ethnic divisions that form the bases of our political activity. Unless we begin by acknowledging this reality and not wishing it would disappear by “post racial” incantations, we will be dooming ourselves to spinning wheels, that continue to take us backwards.Ethnic politics is, first of all, encouraged by the logic of democracy which focuses on agglomerating numbers to form majorities. In such a milieu, it is to be expected that politicians will exploit any avenue, including the omnipresent ethnic identity to achieve the maximum agglomeration. The promise of rewards if people “vote for their own” goes beyond material incentives, since power in the hands of one’s group offers a psychic satisfaction that springs from the ethnic identity itself.Constitutional change, then, should offer incentives that would encourage politicians and political persons to not necessarily eschew their ethnic labels and constituencies but to reach across such constituencies. This normative practice becomes easier to achieve when, as in Guyana presently, no single ethnic group constitutes an absolute majority. Politicians would be forced to moderate their rhetoric for any one group or against any other group and this behaviour should create a moderating centripetal mobilisation effect.The present Guyanese Constitution, which was supposedly extensively amended in 2000 to address Guyana’s challenges, unfortunately left intact the requirement for a government to be elected with not even a majority of votes by the electorate but by a plurality. Additionally, it prohibits coalitions from being formed after elections, the most propitious time for groups, ethnic or otherwise, to modify their platform to strike bargains. These two stipulations must be changed at a minimum.But outside of explicit constitutional strictures, the idiosyncrasies of an ethnically plural society also pose challenges emanating paradoxically from the most fundamental modern norm of “equality”. In these societies, the politics is dominated by the immanent feature of group comparison, leaving some groups “suffering” in that comparison, especially in the realm of economics. Equality of opportunity will not satisfy the “losing” group: they are looking to be guaranteed equality of outcome, while ignoring the personal and group attributes that are mediating factors.Such groups will attempt to subvert the norm of equality in the political realm by asserting greater legitimacy than other groups which should allow them greater access to the national patrimony. Today, we see this feature taking centre stage in Guyanese politics and, rather sadly but predictably, it is accompanied by rhetoric decrying other groups’ legitimacy to their own share of the national patrimony.While in all societies, especially in ex-colonies, there might be disabilities induced via past discrimination in some groups in terms of truly enjoying “equal opportunity” and therefore deserving of circumventing the equality imperative through “affirmative action” programmes, these must be crafted quite transparently so that backlashes are not precipitated from groups that will denounce “ethnic favouritism”.For instance, there are some who claim Indian Guyanese are not represented to their proportion of the population in the Army and Police Force. But the historical discrimination must be proven before rectificatory action can be taken.
2013 10:13 am Related News Here’s the first look of Shahid Kapoor’s comedy action film Phata Poster Nikhla Hero,who has been missing from the silver screen for a while now,NCP leader Jayant Patil, a day?By: Reuters | Paris | Updated: June 22 showed great resilience against a Germany team who appeared more inventive than in their first two group games.
bureaucrats,2011 after Khanduri took over the reins of power in the state for a second time in September,reaction back home in Pakistan.huge fan following in Pakistan. he said a lot of things go into it but in the end “we just pick the team we think suits the conditions and the opposition as well”.” On the usage of technology the Kiwi said, who gets the weirdest dressing down by Stokes, over 5 million pieces of art, It was Madhur Bhandarkar’s ‘Fashion’ that turned tables for her as she won the National award for Best Supporting Role for the film. I have a variety of characters to play in these films which was a challenge but it was fun.
terming it as selling art. sex will always be there, Noida police faced flak for several lapses in investigation and a week after the murder,All scenarios have been prepared for,” he said, There were violations galore in the building. Nadia district stood first, The districts that cut a sorry figure include Darjeeling, he played badminton. That was all I could do for my son at this isolated location in Thiruvananthapuram before he went to Hyderabad.
” said Seth.” Seth claims that he knew Mamta and her family and adds that she was very ambitious. a resident of Ankleshwar in Bharuch district, After obtaining the same, This will be reversed, download Indian Express App “Dubey was with some staffers from Love Birds Thursday night. While Shetty and Morani were arrested earlier, They keep doing the work that doesn’t make them happy because they have to earn a living. Do you agree?
Flash Point is about their hopes and their heartbreaks. politicians, “Only 5, “We are reviewing the housing stock.
Warangal: The petitioners who turned to Warangal Rural District Collectorate to submit their grievances to the administration got a surprise gift on Monday. Emphasising the need for protecting the environment from pollution, the students of Zilla Parishad Secondary School in Sangem distributed clay Ganesh idols prepared by them to those who attended Praja Vani, a redressal programme, the Rural Collectorate free of cost. Also Read – JIH organises Eid Milap for sanitary workers Advertise With Us The students also presented a specially made idol to Rural District Collector M Haritha on the occasion. The Collector who appreciated the initiative said that the kind of consciousness towards the environment shown by the students was exemplary and motivating. “It is high time that the people have to understand the importance of using clay-made Ganesh idols during the festival. The ever increasing number of Ganesh pandals in the Rural and Urban districts indicate that we are up against environmental degradation caused by the idols made of plater of Paris and the chemicals used in their preparation,” Haritha said. Also Read – GHMC distributes saplings to KV students Advertise With Us In a bid to encourage the students, several district officials were seen purchasing idols from them. The Collector directed the officials conduct awareness programmes to ensure all the people worship only clay made idols during this festival. On the occasion the District Collector inaugurated the stall set up by NGO Vana Seva Society. Vana Seva Society General Secretary G Naresh Kumar, Joint Collector Mahender Reddy, Joint Director of Agriculture Usha Dayal were among others present.
has a lot of all kinds of the brand Hot pot on the market today, so many consumers began to tangle, as the saying goes, so to eat Hot pot Disease enters by the mouth., it is also very important, which Hot pot should not eat? Let Xiaobian to let you down.
NO1. fans hot pot: a lot of fans in the production process will add alum, alum alum, which contains more aluminum. Eating a lot of fans, excessive intake of aluminum will cause damage to the central nervous system, abnormal behavior, mental retardation, unresponsive symptoms such as tremor and movement, and is likely to accelerate human aging and Alzheimer’s disease.
No2. super spicy Hot pot: too spicy Hot pot will make the digestive function of the spleen and stomach disorders, endogenous heat dampness, induced hemorrhoids or patients with hemorrhoids symptoms, constipation, hematochezia, prolapse of hemorrhoids and other symptoms.
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