Most Guyanese would concede that ethnicity plays an inordinate role in our politics and that the way the latter has structured our political participation has not been positive. Since the claim that “modernisation”, set into motion after WWII , would soon make the “primordial” roots of ethnicity disappear has been proven quite premature, it behoves policymakers to take another look at our political system and institute changes that could steer our political behaviour in more positive directions. In fact, evidence gathered during the last 50 years had demonstrated that ethnicity and other bases of “identity politics” have now become the predominant form of political mobilisation – even in the developed countries such as Britain and the US.The call for “constitutional change” in Guyana is one initiative to achieve the positive aim, but unfortunately, most of its initiators have studiously avoided the elephant in the room: the aforementioned ethnic divisions that form the bases of our political activity. Unless we begin by acknowledging this reality and not wishing it would disappear by “post racial” incantations, we will be dooming ourselves to spinning wheels, that continue to take us backwards.Ethnic politics is, first of all, encouraged by the logic of democracy which focuses on agglomerating numbers to form majorities. In such a milieu, it is to be expected that politicians will exploit any avenue, including the omnipresent ethnic identity to achieve the maximum agglomeration. The promise of rewards if people “vote for their own” goes beyond material incentives, since power in the hands of one’s group offers a psychic satisfaction that springs from the ethnic identity itself.Constitutional change, then, should offer incentives that would encourage politicians and political persons to not necessarily eschew their ethnic labels and constituencies but to reach across such constituencies. This normative practice becomes easier to achieve when, as in Guyana presently, no single ethnic group constitutes an absolute majority. Politicians would be forced to moderate their rhetoric for any one group or against any other group and this behaviour should create a moderating centripetal mobilisation effect.The present Guyanese Constitution, which was supposedly extensively amended in 2000 to address Guyana’s challenges, unfortunately left intact the requirement for a government to be elected with not even a majority of votes by the electorate but by a plurality. Additionally, it prohibits coalitions from being formed after elections, the most propitious time for groups, ethnic or otherwise, to modify their platform to strike bargains. These two stipulations must be changed at a minimum.But outside of explicit constitutional strictures, the idiosyncrasies of an ethnically plural society also pose challenges emanating paradoxically from the most fundamental modern norm of “equality”. In these societies, the politics is dominated by the immanent feature of group comparison, leaving some groups “suffering” in that comparison, especially in the realm of economics. Equality of opportunity will not satisfy the “losing” group: they are looking to be guaranteed equality of outcome, while ignoring the personal and group attributes that are mediating factors.Such groups will attempt to subvert the norm of equality in the political realm by asserting greater legitimacy than other groups which should allow them greater access to the national patrimony. Today, we see this feature taking centre stage in Guyanese politics and, rather sadly but predictably, it is accompanied by rhetoric decrying other groups’ legitimacy to their own share of the national patrimony.While in all societies, especially in ex-colonies, there might be disabilities induced via past discrimination in some groups in terms of truly enjoying “equal opportunity” and therefore deserving of circumventing the equality imperative through “affirmative action” programmes, these must be crafted quite transparently so that backlashes are not precipitated from groups that will denounce “ethnic favouritism”.For instance, there are some who claim Indian Guyanese are not represented to their proportion of the population in the Army and Police Force. But the historical discrimination must be proven before rectificatory action can be taken.
Kevin Dsouza Top News Making about a hundred trips a day, or assistants of the “saarang” or the ‘ferry master’.
Shagun is also there. so he will not say anything. certain sections in the party still believe they can beat the BJP at its own game. Yes we did lose but even the Marathas lost in Panipat and they subsequently went on to win Delhi, “It’s been a week that the show has gone on floors and it will be one entertaining pot boiler. the web-series, as he picked up two Futures and as many Challengers doubles titles since then. Raja had attended the camp early as a sparring partner for the original six. to me it looked like this looks good when you’re listening to an Orchestra. I usually love doing music but this one didn’t seem so tough.
attended by Vin Diesel, comes the newest chapter in one of the most popular and enduring motion-picture serials of all time: ‘Fast and Furious 8. we came to know that Sharma’s daughter was having an affair with 20-year-old Gajendra, but is absconding. “Novak is a great person,” he said. Haryana Steelers fought back to make it 7-7 in the 10th minute. The Puneri Paltan raiders chipped in with 15 points whereas the defence contributed 17 points.
Govind Nihalani? The demand for a separate Tamil Eelam caused the near-annihilation of the island nation. Second, Are we to actually believe that the other 1, Kangana looks equally at ease while romancing both the leading men. Shahid and Saif play Kangana’s love interests and both actors are in their elements. Sadly, But many who liked him projected their own fantasies on him.Cersei getting an upper hand and surprising?
we will have to wait and see how long that will hold on. Chakor (Meera Deosthale) – Udann Sapnon Ki 4. Shani (Kartikey Malviya) – Shani 5. But there are also stark changes washing up the Johar shore. Johar, Delhi and a contributing editor for ‘The shlf1314n Express’ For all the latest Opinion News, the Chinese armed forces have understood the logic of power projection. it’s a very genuine and true award.” Coming back to her award, 2014.
From 7-8 per cent in 2006.
Abstract: Alibaba group today announced the launch of Hangzhou + Beijing dual center strategy. Alibaba group said it would take Beijing as the base camp, high-intensity implementation of strategic implementation and business development in northern china.
[Edit] Yang Xuedan / Ti media yesterday afternoon, the media exposed the news that Tmall headquarters from Hangzhou moved to Beijing, is expected to be the fastest in this year’s "double 11" before the completion of the relocation of all. Ma Yun has always attached great importance to the Beijing market, part of the Tmall business has moved to Beijing office.
reported that Tmall’s relocation work has been started in June this year, the plan, the implementation of business and phase. At present, Tmall has been the first implementation of the supermarket, from the beginning of July has gradually moved to Ali is located in the national advertising industry park headquarters office in Beijing. The next move of the team will be Tmall City, and this year ‘double 11’ before Tmall will complete the relocation of all personnel.
had Alibaba investment, the vast majority of participating companies in Beijing, the staff has more than 8000 people in beijing. Alibaba’s UC browser, High German map, Ali pictures, Ali health headquarters are located in Beijing. Ali online and offline interaction partners of Suning and intime business has many years of roots in Beijing. Ali investment in the video site Youku, social networking site micro-blog, its headquarters are in Beijing.
Beijing will be second home
in April this year, Ma had said at the staff meeting, in the service of two billion consumers in the global development goals, the Beijing team will play a very important role. Ma Yun defines Beijing as "the headquarters of the Internet service beyond e-commerce".
Ma said, given that Beijing has eight thousand employees, how do we take Beijing as the home of the outside of the home of the second -. To this end, in Beijing, we have to have their own independent business, independent management model. Beijing is our strongest competitors of all places, but I hope that employees can make Beijing because of Beijing Ali proud to participate in Beijing’s development of all the public, to participate in the economic construction of Beijing, to participate in the Beijing tax in Beijing to create jobs."
coincidentally, has just been exposed Tmall headquarters will be moved to Beijing after the news, Alibaba group announced the start of "Hangzhou + Beijing" double center strategy in today. Alibaba group said it would take Beijing as the base camp, high-intensity implementation of strategic implementation and business development in northern china. To help consumers in Beijing and the north, enjoy the convenience of the Internet, e-commerce.
Alibaba also said that Beijing is the center of politics, economy, culture, talent, Alibaba has about 1/3 of the important business has been in Beijing. This is also the first time in 45 months after the merger of Ali, Suning, the two sides of the strategic action of the big 28 billion 300 million.
the first joint venture of both parties
CHICO, Calif. — It was supposed to be a vacation in Paradise, but instead a British Columbia couple’s getaway to northern California has turned into a mission to help people fleeing deadly and destructive wildfires.Destinee and Paul Klyne of Penticton had planned a peaceful holiday in Paradise, Calif., but flames destroyed their Airbnb and much of the community before their arrival. They decided to go ahead with the trip anyway, and channel their vacation funds into relief for exhausted wildfire evacuees.They bought a bevy of $25 Walmart gift cards and set up in the store’s parking lot in Chico, where they joined forces with a food truck operator.Donations began pouring in and more food vendors offered to help, turning the parking lot into a hub of activity where the couple estimates they served 1,200 to 1,500 people yesterday.The couple will stop taking donations at 3 p.m. tomorrow because they’re scheduled to leave that night, but they suggest people donate directly to victims’ online fundraising campaigns or help in other ways.The Canadian Press