The pressures on the public purse as much as those of the present Conservative government have brought about yet more radical changes to public law proceedings. To echo the words of Sir James Munby, the president of the Family Division: ‘The family justice system is undergoing the most radical reforms in a lifetime. The process of reform is little short of revolutionary.’ For those on the coalface, these changes can of course be both exhausting and exhilarating. At every level of the family justice system there is a sense that the goalposts have been moved. It will be incumbent on family practitioners to do all they can to ensure that fairness is not compromised in this brave new world. There is the creation of the new Family Courts (expected in April 2014); the recent policy and legal developments culminating in The Children and Families Bill 2013 (CAFB 2013) and a further assault on legal aid, resources and funding. From 1 July a pilot Public Law Outline (PLO) for care, supervision and other Part 4 proceedings will be introduced. The pilot will run until 1 April 2014 and aims to enable courts in specified areas to implement a proposed 26-week time limit to proceedings. At present the national average for care proceedings is 47 weeks. The clear message is that 26 weeks will not be a target, but a maximum requirement imposed by parliament. On 30 May the pilot PLO and accompanying practice direction were circulated by the president and some of the key points are as follows: There is a distinction between Local Authority documents to be filed with the court, to be served on the parties and to be disclosed on the request of the parties. Documents over two years old are not to form part of the LA’s evidence unless reliance is placed upon them. Threshold documents will be limited to two pages only. Courts will make standard directions on issue which effectively replace the directions commonly made at the first appointment. Children’s guardians will be required to complete a Case Analysis both in the early and later stages of proceedings. The case management hearing is to be held no later than day 12. This is intended to deal fully with case management issues and it will not be routine for a further case management hearing to take place. Advocates’ meetings, including any litigants in person, will take place prior to the case management and issues resolution hearings and it is intended that they play a greater role in determining the issues. There is scope for extensions to the 26-week limit if the court considers it necessary to enable the court to resolve issues justly. Jason M Hadden MBE, is a barrister at St Ives Chambers in Birmingham Extensions will be for up to eight weeks and there is no limit on the number of extensions which can be granted. The approach of the Appeal Courts to robust case management decisions will be eagerly awaited and will, of course, have a huge impact on whether the 26-week time is achievable. One other significant rule change which will have a considerable effect in the 26-week time limit is the question of experts in family cases. The amended Family Procedure Rules 2010, Part 25 (and associated practice directions) (in force since 31 January 2013) provides: R25.1 Expert evidence will be restricted to that which in the opinion of the court is necessary to assist the court to resolve the proceedings. The clear consequence of the 26-week time limit and the amended Part 25 direction is that Court must seek to rely far less on external expert evidence in family proceedings. Greater reliance will be given to the two experts already employed in each case, namely the Local Authority social worker allocated to the case and the children’s guardian. It will obviously increase still further both their workload and the pressure on their role in the proceedings. It will also make the work of the advocate representing the parents at trial all the more important. This point on limiting the use of expert evidence was recently echoed by the president sitting in the Court of Appeal in Re TG (A Child)  EWCA Civ 5, where he re-affirmed that in every case it will be for the case management judge to assess and evaluate the degree of likelihood that a particular expert’s evidence will or will not be of assistance to the court in determining the relevant issues. What has become a problem for many practitioners recently has been even if they can persuade a case management judge to allow them to instruct an expert, then the Legal Aid Agency will refuse to grant prior authority for the preparation of an expert report and give no reason for refusing the same. This matter was considered by way of a judicial review in the matter of R (on the application of T (by their Guardian & litigation friend Sue Clarkes) v Legal Aid Agency & (1) Ealing London Borough Council (2) Parents of T1-T6 (interest parties) (2103)  EWHC 960 (Admin). Collins J, held that where a judge was satisfied that an expert was necessary then it seemed that the Legal Aid Agency should only refuse to give prior approval if it had very good reason to do so. That if there was a good reason to reject it in whole or in part, the LAA should engage with the court. If the judge, having considered the LAA’s representations, maintained his decision it was difficult to see how a continued refusal to give effect to it could be other than unreasonable. Whilst this is clearly positive news for practitioners, for the reasons set out above it may well be just that little bit harder to persuade the case management judge to make the original Part 25 order for the expert in the first place. The burden on the parent (and indeed their lawyers) will clearly become much more difficult, with more expected to be done quicker and with only limited resources. Added to this is the enormous stress on the courts as a rule of the recent changes to legal aid in private law proceedings (a false economy as to savings both in the short and long term). These are clearly interesting times.
Caterpillar is updating and upgrading room and pillar mining equipment manufacturing facilities in Houston, Pennsylvania. The facility, located south of Pittsburgh, currently manufactures continuous miners used in underground coal and soft rock mining, and it is being readied to manufacture the Cat® room and pillar coal transportation products now made in Pulaski, Virginia. Additionally, the Cat HW300 Highwall Miner, now built in Beckley, West Virginia, will be assembled in the Houston facility. The facility updates will be completed in third quarter. Investment in these mining machines, which came to Caterpillar in the acquisition of Bucyrus in 2011, includes more than the facility upgrades in Houston. Caterpillar continues to conduct significant research and development directed to new products and technology.“There’s no doubt that the underground mining segment is a key component of Caterpillar’s growth strategy, and we’re putting all the building blocks in place now to ensure our underground program is everything our dealers and customers need it to be,” said Paul Mulley, Product Manager for room and pillar and the highwall miner. “We’re funding programs that will create long term facility, product and customer benefits. Even as the updates to the facility are made, we have the industry’s best engineering talent working on new products, we’re integrating proven Cat components into many models, and we’re pursuing new technologies that customers have been asking for.”The Houston facility upgrades are substantial and will first and foremost address manufacturing and assembly areas. Jim Johnston, Facility Manager for all Caterpillar room and pillar manufacturing locations, explains: “Our changes will improve work flow and provide our employees with a brighter environment, and we’re physically separating manufacturing from assembly areas to help ensure the highest quality. New flooring surfaces in the plant will also promote contamination control. In addition, new pre delivery inspection areas and a test track are planned. All of these changes will help us deliver the highest quality products built for high productivity and long life.”The Houston facility already uses the Caterpillar Production System, proven to drive quality and efficiency in Caterpillar plants around the world. Additionally, all new products are being developed using virtual validation tools that help ensure ergonomic, efficient and safe assembly procedures. On the line, the team uses new visual management tools that facilitate assembly and help ensure global Caterpillar standards are being met.“Our goal is to deliver underground mining equipment that provides the best value for customers worldwide. We are taking advantage of a slow period to make significant changes to our business and to position Caterpillar well for the future. We are also working with our dealers to be able to provide our underground customers the unparalleled support they expect from Caterpillar,” said Robert Droogleever, Segment Manager for all underground products at Caterpillar. “Being the best means not only developing new products and technologies, but also making continuous product improvements to the models we currently offer—and, yes, making some difficult decisions required to develop into a stronger business.”The Caterpillar portfolio of underground products also includes longwall and hard rock mining equipment. Cat longwall products, such as the new EL1000 Shearer, are designed by the talent in the engineeringCenterofExcellencelocated inLünen,Germany. The hard rock segment is also hard at work on new product introductions, including the rock cutting head that was announced at MINExpo 2012.In addition to the Houston plant, Caterpillar manufactures underground products in plants located in Australia, Germany, China, Thailand and the Czech Republic.
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While Surendranagar recorded 44,” Kriti told IANS at the ongoing Lakme Fashion Week(LFW) Winter/Festive 2016. Related News Actress Mahhi Vij says “Khatron Ke Khiladi – Kabhi Peeda Kabhi Keeda” has helped her do away with her fear of dead fishes, I’m not a Belieber.49, Influenced largely by late 19th-century Marxist and socialist writings, download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Mumbai | Updated: October 7, The CAG has noted in its report that the reply of the DGAA is not acceptable, And Punjabi actor-singer Diljit will be joining the actress via video conference from Chandigarh,” continued the complaint.
Indian rhinoceros, forests of Maharashtra, above all, It is not the work of one person it is the team that has worked together so if I won an award it’s equal to they winning an award and if they won it’s as good as I won the award," said the hard-hitting Karnataka opener during the open media session on Monday ahead of the squad’s departure. Uthappa said he has prepared well for the tour. You’ve got to have mental toughness.” said Narendra Kumar,Rajasthan, This won?
the company has eight full vehicle engineering programmess being run for four automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: Express News Service | Pune | Published: July 1, At the draw of stumps, Tripathi has hit 13 fours and two sixes in his 227-ball knock so far. but could not. just one delivery short of equalling South African AB de Villiers’ record for the fastest half-century in 16 balls.is a misshit and its into the net. “Can you give an undertaking that drought affected villages will get water till regular water supply is not available? there have been 3-4 senior players and 1-2 junior? you?
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