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Van seksistische werksituaties worden vrouwen âqueen beesâ

first_imgNieuwsbank:Van seksistische werksituaties worden vrouwen âqueen beesâWil je als organisatie meer vrouwen aan de top, dan lukt dat niet door simpelweg een paar vrouwen op topposities te zetten, stellen Leidse onderzoekers. Beter verander je de seksistische organisatiecultuur, want die zorgt voor queen bee-gedrag: vrouwen vechten voor hun eigen positie en niet voor hun seksegroep.Seksistische organisatieculturenRead more: Nieuwsbank More of our Members in the Media >last_img

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Goalkeepers ‘dive right on high pressure penos’

first_imgYahoo UK & Ireland: A group of Dutch scientists have studied penalty shoot-outs and have come up with some interesting findings.According to the boffins, goalkeepers tend to instinctively dive to the right in high pressure situations due to “animal instincts”, while in more normal situations they dive right or left an equal number of times.The bad news for England is that, despite the scientists at the University of Amsterdam using one of their penalty shoot-out defeats as a case study, they plan to pass over their full findings to the Netherlands national team.Read the whole story: Yahoo UK & Ireland More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more

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Do You Suffer From Decision Fatigue?

first_imgThe New York Times: Three men doing time in Israeli prisons recently appeared before a parole board consisting of a judge, a criminologist and a social worker. The three prisoners had completed at least two-thirds of their sentences, but the parole board granted freedom to only one of them. Guess which one:Case 1 (heard at 8:50 a.m.): An Arab Israeli serving a 30-month sentence for fraud.Case 2 (heard at 3:10 p.m.): A Jewish Israeli serving a 16-month sentence for assault.Case 3 (heard at 4:25 p.m.): An Arab Israeli serving a 30-month sentence for fraud.There was a pattern to the parole board’s decisions, but it wasn’t related to the men’s ethnic backgrounds, crimes or sentences. It was all about timing, as researchers discovered by analyzing more than 1,100 decisions over the course of a year. Judges, who would hear the prisoners’ appeals and then get advice from the other members of the board, approved parole in about a third of the cases, but the probability of being paroled fluctuated wildly throughout the day. Prisoners who appeared early in the morning received parole about 70 percent of the time, while those who appeared late in the day were paroled less than 10 percent of the time.The odds favored the prisoner who appeared at 8:50 a.m. — and he did in fact receive parole. But even though the other Arab Israeli prisoner was serving the same sentence for the same crime — fraud — the odds were against him when he appeared (on a different day) at 4:25 in the afternoon. He was denied parole, as was the Jewish Israeli prisoner at 3:10 p.m, whose sentence was shorter than that of the man who was released. They were just asking for parole at the wrong time of day.These experiments demonstrated that there is a finite store of mental energy for exerting self-control. When people fended off the temptation to scarf down M&M’s or freshly baked chocolate-chip cookies, they were then less able to resist other temptations. When they forced themselves to remain stoic during a tearjerker movie, afterward they gave up more quickly on lab tasks requiring self-discipline, like working on a geometry puzzle or squeezing a hand-grip exerciser. Willpower turned out to be more than a folk concept or a metaphor. It really was a form of mental energy that could be exhausted. The experiments confirmed the 19th-century notion of willpower being like a muscle that was fatigued with use, a force that could be conserved by avoiding temptation.Read the whole story: The New York Times More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more

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Study: Moody Toddlers Could End Up as Compulsive Gamblers

first_imgEducation Week:Is your 3-year-old overly cranky, impulsive and restless? If the answer is yes, you could be raising a future gambler.So says a new study published recently in the journal Psychological Science that found a correlation between so-called “under-controlled” temperament in preschoolers and compulsive gambling later in life.The study’s researchers say their results suggest it may be possible to determine as early as age 3 whether a person is at increased risk of becoming a gambler, according to psychologist Wendy S. Slutske of the University of Missouri, Columbia.Slutske conducted the study along with Terrie E. Moffitt and Avshalom Caspi, both of Duke University in Durham, N.C., and University College/London; and Richie Poulton of the University of Otago, in Dunedin, New Zealand, according to a press release from the Association for Psychological Science.The researchers followed 939 people who were first assessed as toddlers and then at ages 21 and 32 as part of a New Zealand longitudinal health and development study. They were part of a slightly larger group whose temperaments were assessed for 90 minutes at age 3. The more-restless kids who were also impulsive and unable to control their emotions were tagged as having under-controlled temperaments.Read the whole story: Education Week More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more

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Guilty Gift-Giving

first_imgThe Washington Post: If it’s the thought that counts when giving gifts, why do so many of us get so stressed during the holidays?It’s because you often feel guilty for not giving more even if you can’t afford it.“There’s a lot of guilt and social comparison in holiday shopping,” psychology professor Susan Krauss Whitbourne of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst told Karen Cheney of Money Magazine.Cheney says: “Want to beat your psychology and that post-holiday hangover? Simply use these strategies to get the names crossed off your list — without crossing into the red.”Read the whole story: The Washington Post More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more

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The Dangers of Talking to Your Car

first_imgInc.:Just because you can talk to your car doesn’t mean you should. Two new studies have found that voice-activated smartphones and dashboard infotainment systems may be making the distracted-driving problem worse instead of better.The systems let drivers do things like tune the radio, send a text message, or make a phone call while keeping their eyes on the road and their hands on the wheel, but many of these systems are so error-prone or complex that they require more concentration from drivers rather than less, according to studies released Tuesday by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety and the University of Utah.One study examined infotainment systems in some of the most common auto brands on the road: Chevrolet, Chrysler, Ford, Hyundai and Mercedes. The second study tested the Apple iPhone’s Siri voice system to navigate, send texts, make Facebook and Twitter posts, and use the calendar without handling or looking at the phone. Apple and Google are working with automakers to mesh smartphones with infotainment systems so that drivers can bring their apps, navigation and music files into their cars.Read the whole story: Inc. More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more

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Cheerful tweets may mean a healthier heart

first_imgCBS News:Crowd-sourcing through social media has quickly become one of the most powerful tools for public health. Platforms such as Twitter, Facebook and Yelp have been used to track influenza, HIV, food poisoning and other ailments. Now, a new report shows that Twitter can also help predict rates of heart disease on a hyper-local level.According to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Sciences, simply tracking the expression of negative emotions, including anger, stress and fatigue, may produce an accurate picture of which communities are most likely to have high incidences of heart disease.Their snapshot (pictured above right) looks strikingly similar to the analysis of heart disease data by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.A number of previous studies have shown emotions and behavior are closely tied to one’s risk for coronary heart disease. Expressions of happiness and joy have been linked to lower rates of heart attack.Read the whole story: CBS News More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more